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Medical Waste Management Regulations

Medical Waste Management Regulations

(Summary description)Order of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
The "Regulations on the Management of Medical Wastes" were adopted at the tenth executive meeting of the State Council on June 4, 2003. They are hereby promulgated and shall come into force on the date of promulgation.

Medical Waste Management Regulations

(Summary description)Order of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
The "Regulations on the Management of Medical Wastes" were adopted at the tenth executive meeting of the State Council on June 4, 2003. They are hereby promulgated and shall come into force on the date of promulgation.

Information

  Order of the State Council of the People's Republic of China

  The "Regulations on the Management of Medical Wastes" were adopted at the tenth executive meeting of the State Council on June 4, 2003. They are hereby promulgated and shall come into force on the date of promulgation.

  June 16, 2003

  Medical Waste Management Regulations

  Chapter One

  Article 1   In order to strengthen the safe management of medical waste, prevent the spread of diseases, protect the environment, and protect human health, these regulations are formulated in accordance with the "Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases" and the "Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Waste".

  Article 2   The medical waste referred to in these Regulations refers to the waste that is directly or indirectly infectious, toxic, and other hazardous, generated by medical and health institutions in medical treatment, prevention, health care and other related activities.

  The classification catalog of medical wastes shall be jointly formulated and announced by the administrative department of health and environmental protection under the State Council.

  Article 3  These regulations apply to the collection, transportation, storage, disposal, supervision and management of medical waste.

  The domestic garbage produced by patients with infectious diseases or patients with suspected infectious diseases admitted to medical and health institutions shall be managed and disposed of as medical waste.

  The management of anesthetic, mental, radioactive, toxic and other drugs and related wastes discarded by medical and health institutions shall be implemented in accordance with relevant laws, administrative regulations and relevant national regulations and standards.

  Article 4 The state promotes the centralized and harmless treatment of medical waste, and encourages research and development of technologies for the safe disposal of medical waste.

  Local people's governments at or above the county level are responsible for organizing the construction of centralized medical waste disposal facilities.

  The state provides appropriate support for the construction of centralized medical waste disposal facilities in remote and poor areas.

  Article 5 The administrative departments of health of the people’s governments at or above the county level shall implement unified supervision and management of disease prevention and control in the collection, transportation, storage, and disposal of medical waste; the administrative department of environmental protection shall conduct the collection, transportation, and storage of medical waste. , Implement unified supervision and management of environmental pollution prevention and control in disposal activities.

  Other relevant departments of the people's governments at or above the county level shall be responsible for the supervision and management of medical waste disposal within their respective responsibilities.

  Article 6 Any unit or individual has the right to report, complain, report and accuse medical and health institutions, medical waste centralized disposal units, supervision and management departments and their staff of illegal activities.

  Chapter Two   General Provisions on Medical Waste Management

  Article 7   Medical and health institutions and medical waste centralized disposal units shall establish and improve a medical waste management responsibility system, with their legal representative as the first responsible person, and earnestly perform their duties to prevent the spread of infectious diseases and environmental pollution accidents caused by medical waste.

  Article 8 Medical and health institutions and medical waste centralized disposal units shall formulate rules and regulations related to the safe disposal of medical waste and emergency plans in the event of accidents; set up monitoring departments or full-time (part-time) personnel to be responsible for inspection, supervision, and Carry out the management of medical waste in the unit to prevent violations of these regulations.

  Article 9: Medical and health institutions and medical waste centralized disposal units shall train their personnel and management personnel engaged in the collection, transportation, storage, and disposal of medical wastes in relevant laws and professional techniques, safety protection, and emergency treatment. .

  Article 10: Medical and health institutions and centralized medical waste disposal units shall adopt effective occupational health protection measures, and provide necessary protective equipment for personnel and management personnel engaged in the collection, transportation, storage, and disposal of medical wastes, and regular health care Check; if necessary, immunize relevant personnel to prevent their health damage.

  Article 11 Medical and health institutions and medical waste centralized disposal units shall implement a management system for hazardous waste transfer in accordance with the provisions of the Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Waste.

  Article 12 Medical and health institutions and medical waste centralized disposal units shall register medical waste. The contents of the registration shall include the source, type, weight or quantity of medical waste, handover time, disposal method, final destination, and the signature of the handler, etc. project. The registration information shall be kept for at least 3 years.

  Article 13  Medical and health institutions and medical waste centralized disposal units shall take effective measures to prevent the loss, leakage and spread of medical waste.

  When medical waste is lost, leaked, or spread, medical and health institutions and centralized medical waste disposal units should take emergency measures to reduce harm, provide medical rescue and on-site rescue to the sick; at the same time, to the local county-level people's government health administrative director Departments and environmental protection administrative departments report and notify units and residents that may be harmed.

  Article 14  It is forbidden for any unit or individual to transfer, buy or sell medical waste.

  It is forbidden to discard medical wastes during transportation; it is forbidden to dump or stack medical wastes in non-storage locations or mix medical wastes with other wastes and domestic garbage.

  Article 15  It is forbidden to mail medical waste.

  It is forbidden to transport medical waste by rail or air.

  If there are land passages, it is prohibited to transport medical waste by water; if there is no land passage, it is necessary to transport medical waste by water, it shall be approved by the environmental protection administrative department of the people’s government at or above the city level divided into districts, and strict environmental protection measures have been taken. Can be transported by water.

  It is forbidden to carry medical waste and passengers on the same means of transportation.

  It is forbidden to transport medical waste on the water body in the drinking water source protection area.

  Chapter III   Management of Medical Waste by Medical and Health Institutions

  Article 16  Medical and health institutions shall collect the medical waste generated by the unit in a timely manner, and place them in special packagings or sealed containers that prevent leakage and penetration by sharps according to their categories.

  Special packaging and containers for medical waste shall have obvious warning signs and warning instructions.

  The standards and warning signs for special packaging and containers for medical waste shall be jointly formulated by the administrative department of health and environmental protection under the State Council.

  Article 17  Medical and health institutions shall establish temporary storage facilities and equipment for medical waste, and shall not store medical waste in the open; the time for temporary storage of medical waste shall not exceed 2 days.

  Temporary storage facilities and equipment for medical waste should be kept away from medical areas, food processing areas, personnel activity areas, and domestic garbage storage places, and set up obvious warning signs and anti-leakage, anti-rodent, anti-mosquito, anti-cockroach, anti-theft, and Safety measures such as preventing child contact.

  The temporary storage facilities and equipment of medical waste should be disinfected and cleaned regularly.

  Article 18  Medical and health institutions shall use special transport tools that prevent leakage and spillage, and collect and transport medical waste to temporary storage locations in accordance with the internal medical waste transportation time and route determined by the unit.

  The transportation tools shall be promptly disinfected and cleaned at the designated place in the medical and health institution after use.

  Article 19  Medical and health institutions shall, in accordance with the principle of nearby centralized disposal, promptly hand over the medical waste to the centralized medical waste disposal unit for disposal.

  High-hazard wastes such as culture media, specimens, bacteria and virus seed preservation solutions of pathogens in medical waste shall be disinfected on the spot before being handed over to the centralized medical waste disposal unit for disposal.

  Article 20  Sewage produced by medical and health institutions, as well as the excreta of patients with infectious diseases or suspected patients with infectious diseases, shall be strictly disinfected in accordance with national regulations; they shall not be discharged into the sewage treatment system until they reach the national discharge standards.

  Article 21  In rural areas that do not have the conditions for centralized disposal of medical waste, medical and health institutions shall, in accordance with the requirements of the administrative departments of health and environmental protection of the people's governments at the county level, dispose of the medical wastes they generate on their own. Those who dispose of medical waste by themselves shall meet the following basic requirements:

  (1) Disposable medical devices and medical wastes that are easy to cause injury should be disinfected and destroyed after use;

  (2) If it can be incinerated, it should be incinerated in time;

  (3) Those that cannot be incinerated shall be buried in a centralized landfill after disinfection.

  Chapter 4   Centralized disposal of medical waste

  Article 22   Units engaged in the centralized disposal of medical waste shall apply to the environmental protection administrative department of the people's government at or above the county level for an operation permit; units that have not obtained an operation permit shall not engage in activities related to the centralized disposal of medical waste.

  Article 23 A unit for the centralized disposal of medical waste shall meet the following conditions:

  (1) Have medical waste storage and disposal facilities or equipment that meet environmental protection and sanitation requirements;

  (2) Have trained technicians and corresponding skilled workers;

  (3) Have institutions and personnel responsible for the testing and evaluation of the effectiveness of medical waste disposal;

  (4) There are rules and regulations to ensure the safe disposal of medical waste.

  Article 24 The storage and disposal facilities of a centralized medical waste disposal unit shall be far away from residential (village) residents, water source protection areas and arterial roads, and have appropriate safety protection distances from factories, enterprises and other workplaces, and comply with the State Council Regulations of environmental protection administrative departments.

  Article 25 The centralized disposal unit of medical waste shall collect and transport medical waste at a medical and health institution at least every 2 days, and be responsible for the storage and disposal of medical waste.

  Article 26   When transporting medical waste, the centralized disposal unit of medical waste shall abide by the state regulations on the transportation of dangerous goods and use special vehicles with obvious medical waste marks. Special vehicles for medical waste shall meet the requirements of anti-leakage, anti-spattering and other environmental protection and sanitation requirements.

  After the special vehicles for transporting medical wastes are used, they shall be disinfected and cleaned in time in the centralized disposal sites of medical wastes.

  Special vehicles for the transportation of medical waste shall not transport other items.

  Article 27 The centralized disposal unit of medical waste shall ensure safety during the transportation of medical waste, and shall not discard or discard medical waste.

  Article 28 The centralized disposal unit of medical waste shall install an online monitoring device for pollutant discharge and ensure that the monitoring device is always in normal operation.

  Article 29   The treatment of medical waste by a centralized medical waste disposal unit shall comply with the environmental protection and sanitation standards and regulations prescribed by the state.

  Article 30  The unit of centralized disposal of medical waste shall, in accordance with the regulations of the environmental protection administrative department and the health administrative department, regularly inspect and evaluate the environmental pollution prevention and hygiene effects of medical waste disposal facilities. The results of testing and evaluation are stored in the archives of the centralized medical waste disposal unit, and reported to the local environmental protection administrative department and health administrative department every six months.

  Article 31  The medical waste centralized disposal unit disposes of medical waste, and collects medical waste disposal fees from medical and health institutions in accordance with relevant state regulations.

  The medical waste disposal fees paid by medical and health institutions in accordance with regulations can be included in medical costs.

  Article 32 All regions shall utilize and renovate existing solid waste disposal facilities and other facilities, centrally dispose of medical waste, and meet basic environmental protection and sanitation requirements.

  Article 33 For cities with no centralized disposal facilities or insufficient disposal capacity, cities at or above the city level with districts shall build medical waste centralized disposal facilities within one year from the date of implementation of this Regulation; county-level cities shall within two years Complete facilities for centralized disposal of medical waste. The construction of medical waste centralized disposal facilities in counties (banners) shall be stipulated by the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government.

  Before the establishment of centralized medical waste disposal facilities, the relevant local people's government shall organize the formulation of a transitional medical waste disposal plan that meets environmental protection and sanitation requirements, and determine the medical waste collection, transportation, and disposal methods and disposal units.

  Chapter 5   Supervision and Management

  Article 34   The administrative department of health and the administrative department of environmental protection of the local people's government at or above the county level shall supervise and inspect medical and health institutions and centralized medical waste disposal units in accordance with the provisions of these regulations and the division of responsibilities.

  Article 35 The health administrative department of the local people’s government at or above the county level shall conduct disease prevention and control work in the collection, transportation, storage, and disposal of medical waste for medical and health institutions and medical waste centralized disposal units, as well as the health protection of staff Perform regular supervision and inspection or irregular random inspections.

  Article 36 The environmental protection administrative department of the local people’s government at or above the county level shall conduct regular supervision and inspection of the environmental pollution prevention and control work in the collection, transportation, storage, and disposal of medical waste by medical and health institutions and medical waste centralized disposal units, or not Regular spot checks.

  Article 37 The administrative department of health and the administrative department of environmental protection shall regularly exchange the results of supervision, inspection and random inspection. When a medical and health institution or a centralized medical waste disposal unit is found to have hidden dangers during supervision and inspection or spot checks, it shall be ordered to eliminate the hidden dangers immediately.

  Article 38 The administrative department of health and the administrative department of environmental protection shall, after receiving reports, complaints, reports and accusations of violations of these regulations by medical and health institutions, medical waste centralized disposal units, supervision and management departments and their staff, Check in time, deal with it in accordance with the law, and announce the result of the processing.

  Article 39   The administrative department of health and the administrative department of environmental protection shall have the right to take the following measures when performing the supervision and inspection duties:

  (1) Conduct on-site inspections of relevant units, understand the situation, monitor on-site, investigate and collect evidence;

  (2) Consult or copy relevant materials on medical waste management and collect samples;

  (3) Order units and individuals that violate the provisions of these regulations to stop their illegal acts;

  (4) Sealing up or temporarily detaining premises, equipment, means of transportation and articles suspected of violating the provisions of these regulations;

  (5) Investigate and deal with violations of the regulations.

  Article 40 When an accident involving the spread of infectious diseases or environmental pollution occurs due to improper management of medical waste, or there is evidence that an accident involving the spread of infectious diseases or environmental pollution is likely to occur, the administrative department of health or environmental protection shall take temporary control Measures, evacuate personnel, control the site, and order the suspension of operations that cause or may cause the spread of infectious diseases or environmental pollution accidents as necessary.

  Article 41   Medical and health institutions and medical waste centralized disposal units shall cooperate with relevant departments in inspection, monitoring, investigation and evidence collection, and shall not refuse or obstruct, and shall not provide false materials.

  Chapter VI   Legal Liability

  Article 42 If the local people’s government at or above the county level fails to organize the construction of centralized medical waste disposal facilities or the formulation of a transitional treatment plan for medical waste in accordance with the provisions of these regulations, the higher-level people’s government shall notify and criticize it and order it to complete the centralized medical waste disposal within a time limit. The facility or organization formulates a transitional treatment plan for medical waste; and may impose administrative sanctions on major government leaders and responsible persons in charge according to law.

  Article 43   The administrative departments of health and environmental protection of people’s governments at or above the county level

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